Over the last several years the trend of building a home out of shipping containers has taken off.
This trend isn’t surprising considering that container homes are eco-friendly, affordable, incredibly strong and easy to build with.
When you look at good examples of shipping container homes you find homes that were built extremely fast and for a small amount of money.
However, there are also examples of container homes which have failed because their owners have made simple mistakes which you need to avoid.
Today we have put together the top 5 mistakes you can make when building a shipping container home.
Make sure you read the list to find out which mistakes you too should avoid.
1. Buying the Wrong Type of Shipping Container
The biggest mistake people make when building their shipping container home is purchasing the wrong type of shipping container. In fact this was the most common response I received when interviewing 23 shipping container home owners.
Most of the people I interviewed had built their home using regular height shipping containers, only to find out halfway through building that there are ‘high cube’ containers which are an additional foot in height.
High Cube Container Height Difference
Regular shipping containers are 8 foot 6 inches in height, whereas high cube containers are 9 foot 6 inches tall.
You can learn more about shipping container sizes here.
Adding a foot to the height of your ceiling is perfect for people looking to insulate the ceiling of their container without sacrificing on head room.
In a traditional container if you insulate the ceiling you would only have a ceiling height of 7 foot. Whereas in a high cube container you can fit insulation to the ceiling and still have an 8 foot ceiling height.
High cube containers tend to be only an additional $1000 which is cheap considering the benefits they offer.
Buying Used Containers
The other crucial mistake people make is purchasing their containers online or on the telephone without seeing the containers in person first.
If you purchase containers without seeing them first, you run the risk of ending up with old beat up containers which are going to cost you money to repair.
Even if you have seen photos of the containers, it isn’t the same as seeing the containers in person.
Actually seeing the containers in person means you can check for things such as damp and corrosion which can be easy to miss when you’re only looking at photos.
Make sure to check out our pre-purchase container inspection checklist before you view your containers.
If you absolutely can’t inspect your containers in person before you buy them, make sure to ask for photos of all corner joints and also underneath and above the containers. You can then perform an inspection of the photos using the checklist mentioned above.
2. Not Researching Local Planning Regulations
Just about the worst feeling in the world is when you’re told your house doesn’t comply with local planning regulations and you’re told you need to take it down.
This can be avoided if you get in touch with your local public works building division before you start building and discuss your shipping container home with them.
Before you meet your local public works building division you need to have a very good idea of what it is you want to build, and also have a plot of land ready to build your container home on.
This normally means having scaled architectural drawings and foundation plans drawn up before you meet your local planning department. The planning application can take anywhere from 8-13 weeks and cost several thousand dollars.
Unfortunately each country has its own rules and standards so there is no one approach fits all when applying for planning permission.
However in the US certain areas fall outside of city zoning- this means you don’t need a permit to build a shipping container home there. If you are in such an area consider yourself very lucky!
Though in most cases in the US you will need certain permits so make sure you do your research first.
The key thing to take away is: don’t start building until you have properly researched your local planning laws and acquired the relevant permits. You don’t want to end up like this person, who had to take down their $1.5 million home because they didn’t apply for a permit.
3. Using the Wrong Type of Insulation
The biggest mistake people make with insulation is not considering their local climate.
For instance in areas with lots of rain, you need to ensure your insulation provides you with a seamless vapour barrier- so you would need to use spray foam.
Image From Larry Wade
Whereas in very warm, dry climates your insulation should focus on keeping your container home cool so generally you wouldn’t want a seamless vapour barrier.
There is no one correct approach when it comes to insulation- it depends on many things: the local climate, your budget, the container’s age, and the style of home you want.
Whilst most people agree that spray foam insulation is the best to use in most circumstances, it certainly isn’t a panacea which can be used in all circumstances. There are many other types of insulation you can use instead such as insulation panels, blanket insulation and even eco-friendly insulation such as recycled newspapers.
Choosing the correct type of insulation to use is crucial because if you are using the wrong type of insulation, or worse yet, don’t have any insulation, you are going to face lots of problems.
Your container home will be freezing in winter and too hot during summer but your biggest concern is condensation and damp.
Condensation can cause your containers to rust- this is very expensive to repair and can take a lot of time.
If you aren’t familiar with insulation methods and techniques make sure to read our beginners guide to insulating a shipping container home.
4. Cutting Too Much Steel Out Of Containers
The fourth most common mistake people make is: cutting too much steel off their shipping containers.
The great thing about shipping containers is that they are incredibly strong. In fact they can be stacked up to eight containers high when they are fully loaded!
Shipping containers are the perfect building block to use for fast, affordable construction.
Unfortunately some people over modify their containers; this severely reduces their structural integrity and strength.
What’s meant by ‘over modify’ is to cut too much steel out of the containers.
By cutting out large sections of steel from the container you are reducing its strength. This means that you will incur additional costs because you will need to reinforce the containers with steel beams.
You will also need to weld the steel beams in place which can further add to your costs and is also very time consuming.
Don’t get too concerned though, you can remove sections of steel for your windows and doors, however when you remove entire walls (like in the image below) you will need to use support beams.
5. Choosing the Wrong Builder/Contractor
The last mistake we are going to look at is: people choosing the wrong contractor to build your shipping container home.
Lots of people like to build their shipping container home themselves, however people without the time or DIY know-how will need to get a contractor to build their home.
When you choose a contract you need to make sure that they have experience building with shipping containers, or, at the very least understand shipping container homes and are enthusiastic to build one.
The last thing you want is a builder who doesn’t understand shipping container homes- this will cost you time, money and certainly won’t be exceptional quality.
If your contractor doesn’t have experience in shipping container homes or modular building, it’s likely they will make mistakes and this will cost you time and money.
Also, make sure you choose a contractor who is able to follow the build all the way through. You don’t want to use multiple contractors throughout the build as this will create unnecessary problems and issues.
So there are the top 5 mistakes people make when building a shipping container home.
Let us know below what mistakes you made building your shipping container home…